(Updated a bit for clarification of some points
Over at Rod Dreher's blog, he muses (once again) on why it is that Conservatives don't seem to make good story-tellers.
Where's all the good Conservative fiction
? he asks plaintively.
Of course, the problem lies in the way he asks the question. Conservative fiction does not exist, not anymore than progressive or libertarian fiction exists, except in a few very odd and malformed cases. (As, for instance, Ayn Rand's Atlas Shrugged
, and most of her other words. Rand set out to write libertarian propaganda, rather than actual fiction, and that's more or less what she succeeded in doing, though you can even today find people who like these items as novels.)
This is not to say that you can't find political elements in fiction. I'd argue that Laura Ingalls Wilder's Little House books have some strong libertarian themes, though they also have progressive themes. And I'd argue that books like The Great Gatsby
and To Kill a Mockingbird
work conservatively, despite how they glance at an acknowledgement that racial abuses and eugenics are wrong (in Gatsby, it's a very tiny
Despite this glance at racial social justice, both texts essentially
see their cultures as just fine. Oh, Nick Carraway leaves the wicked, wicked East at the end of the novel, having learned his lesson about the excesses of Capitalism -- but he does not believe there is anything wrong with Capitalism per se
And Atticus Finch is sad that Tom Robinson has been such a fool as not to trust the white man's justice to act right (when it has never yet acted right in the past 400 years), but he doesn't quit the law profession; and in fact the last scene we get in the novel is the law acting right:
doing the right thing for the (white) community. The take-away, in other words, is that despite a few hiccups and dead young black men, this is a civilization that works.
Fiction that works this way -- to reassure the reader that their culture is okay, and that they don't have to change it -- works, essentially, as conservative fiction, whether or not it was meant that way.
Fiction that interrogates the culture, that probes the conventions and shows that the cultures is not, in fact, working just fine, and needs to be changed if it is to continue working: that's going to be working as progressive fiction. Good science fiction works this way, by showing either the dystopian nature of our culture, or a better way at work.
I had a brief, though friendly, argument with one of my students after WLIT class Wednesday. We're reading Fredrick Douglas's Narrative of the Life
, and I pointed out how much a single slave cost at this point, and how much the South had invested
in slaves (information I first learned from Ta-Nehisi Coates' wonderful series on slavery) and what this meant, in regards to why the South was not going to just walk away from slavery. My point was that Narrative of the Life,
as an abolitionist document, was revolutionary: it was fighting to make (white) people in America see that slaves were people, and that as people they had rights and they deserved to be freed.
Anyway, this student wanted to argue that the Civil War didn't need to be fought; that the South would have transitioned to a machine economy within a few years; that the plantation owners would have freed the slaves of their own free will within forty or fifty years if they had just been left alone.
I gave him various points of evidence to counter this interesting view of history (which I am sure is one that is being taught in some local high school around here) but it's what I'm talking about: the Conservative view of the world seems to be that one: things as they are work fine. Nothing to fix here.
See this comment here, for instance, from Rod's blog:
For a story to be “conservative,” it should be
cautionary, warning its readers against having unrealistic expectations or
fantasies. It warns against the human tendency to dream, to rise above one’s
pre-ordained station in life, or usurp the natural order of things. The moral
of a conservative story should be Be humble and stay in your place. So if
conservatives wish to revive the “conservative” story, they [sic] no shortage of
stories from the ancients that follow this convention.
That's a point of view that looks fine if you're Atticus Finch, or Nick Carraway. It's less attractive if you're Tom Robinson, or Calpurnia (who doesn't even get a last name), or Myrtle Wilson, that slut.
And fiction -- which should, of course, primarily work as fiction, or it fails (that is, it must be art first, and not propaganda) -- fiction can either speak for Atticus Finch, or it can speak for Tom Robinson and Mayella Ewell and Walter Cunningham and Calpurnia. Right now almost all of our art speaks for Atticus Finch, so when Rod Dreher wonders with his touching innocence just where in heavens name the conservative art could be, well.
(Can it speak for both? That would be a piece of art. That would be a book indeed.)
I still remember the day I realized I was one of the trashy poor whites Atticus Finch called common
. I mean, he was nice
about it and all. He let the little sharecropper boy eat at his table, and talked farming with him. Because noblesse oblige
. But you know
that was as far as it would go.
Well, here's my point, and I do have one: from over here on this side of the tracks, this culture of yours? It ain't look so nifty, frankly.
And no. I don't think I will keep my place.
Time for some true progressive art, maybe. That's what I say.
: Check out this post on Oz
, from Kiss My WonderWoman, on what else is wrong with conservative art: the thesis: Hollywood is afraid of change, and being afraid of change creates crap (and in this case racist) art. True story, y'all.